Queen Victoria (1819-1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom, ruling over Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. She adopted the additional title of Empress of India on 1 May 1876. She ruled the United Kingdom for 63 years, being the second-longest reign in the country’s history (the longest belonging her great-great-granddaughter and current ruler, Queen Elizabeth II).
The Victorian era was named after the Queen. Under her rule, slavery was abolished throughout all British colonies and voting rights granted to most British men. She also made reforms in labor conditions and presided over significant cultural, political, and military changes in her Empire.